CHILDREN AND AIDS
According to UNAIDS, 1.8 million adults died from AIDS in 2009 alone, yet the real human toll of this pandemic is immeasurable. AIDS is leaving behind a generation of orphaned children, many of whom are HIV positive. The majority of these children live in poverty and face a future of hardship and tragedy.
FXB is working to address this urgent situation and bring hope to these children. Read below to learn more about the issues.
HIV AND AIDS
- In sub-Saharan Africa, over 14 million children have lost a parent to AIDS (Avert)
- More than 90 percent of all orphans in sub-Saharan Africa are cared for by extended families (UNICEF)
- AIDS is more likely than any other cause of death to create double orphans – children who have lost both parents (UNICEF)
- Approximately 2.5 million children under age 15 currently live with HIV (UNAIDS)
- Every 15 minutes, one child under age 15 dies from AIDS or an AIDS-related illness (UNICEF)
- Less than 1 in 10 AIDS orphans receive any external support (UNICEF)
- Only three donor governments, the US, UK, and Ireland, dedicate at least 10% of their HIV/AIDS funding to children
CHILDREN IN POVERTY
- More than 1 billion children suffer some form of severe deprivation as a result of poverty (UNICEF)
- An estimated 11 million children under age 5 die each year from preventable or treatable diseases (World Health Organization)
- 200 million children under age 5 are malnourished (Global Health Council)
- 120 million primary school-aged children are not in school, mostly girls (UNICEF)
- 1.2 million children are victims of human trafficking (International Labor Organization)
- In addition to the trauma of losing a parent, orphans are often subject to discrimination and are less likely to receive healthcare, education and other needed services.
- In HIV affected households lacking community support, food consumption can drop by 40% putting children at risk to hunger, malnutrition and stunting.
- Impoverished and often without support to educate and protect them, orphans and vulnerable children face increased risk of HIV infection.
- Orphans are often easy prey to many forms of exploitation: forced labor, gangs, prostitution, and child soldiering.
REPORTS AND DOCUMENTS
The Convention on the Rights of the Child
Children and AIDS the Second Stocktaking Report (UNICEF, UNAIDS, WHO)
Understanding the Needs of Orphans and Other Children Affected by HIV and AIDS in Africa (USAID)
The Framework for the Protection, Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS
Home Truths: Facing the Facts on Children, AIDS, and Poverty
Where the heart is: Meeting the psychosocial needs of young children in the context of HIV/AIDS
Family and Community Interventions for Children Affected by AIDS
The Impact of HIV/AIDS on the Development of Children
The Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005(PL 109-95)
LINKS TO MORE RESOURCES